"It is pointless having a bullet proof double-locked front door, if you have no glass in your windows". I'm not sure who actually said that (if anyone..), but the analogy is pretty accurate. Many organisations have relied heavily in the past, on perimeter based security. That could be the network perimeter or the individual PC or server perimeter. As long as the private network was segregated from the public via a firewall, the information security manager's job was done. Roll on 15 years and things are somewhat more complex.
"Identity as the perimeter" has been discussed a few times over the last year or so and I'm not claiming it as a strap line - albeit it is a good one at that. But why is it suddenly becoming more important?
The Extended Enterprise - Mobile, BYOD, Consumer
Organizations of all sizes are no longer central places of work, with siloed business units, headed up by managers in glass-walled offices. Remote working is no longer limited to cool startups or the creative industries. Desktop PC's are now in decline, with tablets and smartphones able to do the majority of work related use cases. Many organisations now have complex supply chains, leveraging partners, sub-partners, clients and consumers. Outsourced services and applications now make up a large percentage of an organization's delivery management process, with these services often allowing authentication and user management controls outside of the standard corporate LDAP.
The increased use of BYOD, mobile workforces and increased outsourced and consumer lead service interaction, requires a much more integrated and agile view of an identity, but also requires CISO's, to view data protection and segregation in a much more user centric approach.
There Is No Network Separation - Everything is Connected
Everything is connected. You can receive corporate email on your smartphone over a network carrier paid for privately. Remote backup and file sync solutions allow sensitive files to be stored off site without the knowledge of a DLP solution. There is no longer a 'corporate' network with strong demarcation lines. Whilst this has obvious user benefits and efficiency gains, it has opened up new areas for security management. The one thing which is staying relatively static is the that of the identity driving this change. I don't mean the role and concept of identity is static. Quite the opposite, but identities are still the driving force between application interactions, network traffic analysis, DLP techniques, firewall management and so on. Each transaction should be linked in some way to an identity. This identity could be well masked through alias upon alias, but there are fewer and fewer chances for a truly anonymous computer interaction.
Extend the Enterprise or the Stretch The Cloud?
These identities are developing in multiple directions. The traditional corporate view of an identity originating from an authoritative source such as HR and flowing via provisioning systems to a target directory or database is still present. Complex workflows and RBAC projects will keep many a consultant in work for years to come. But with the onset of the extended enterprise, the increased use of social and cloud based identity brokers and platforms (Google, Facebook et al), there is a need for fusion. The ability for organisations to extend to the 'cloud' and the for the internet based services and brokers to able to reach out to traditionally standalone organizations with their new apps and services securely, whilst still making the user experience convenient. But where to start? Traditional enterprise identity and access management solutions are often too static and unable to scale to internet style proportions. Internet focused identity has been about single sign on, federation and authentication via social platforms. Organizations need to be able to manage interactions with 3rd party service providers from a centralised, potentially policy driven, authentication and authorization perspective. It's pointless disabling a contractor's internal LDAP account if they still have an active Saleforce or Dropbox account when they've left.
Compliance doesn't just fade away in cloud and internet based scenarios. There are still stringent controls that need to be adhered to, in order for an organization's identity management platform to be both convenient and effective.
By Simon Moffatt